Category: Energia

Solar, Wind, Batteries to Attract $10 Trillion to 2050, but curbing emissions long-term will require other technologies too. Deep declines in wind, solar and battery technology costs will result in a grid nearly half-powered by the two fast-growing renewable energy sources by 2050, according to the latest projections from BloombergNEF (BNEF).

In its New Energy Outlook 2019 (NEO), BNEF sees these technologies ensuring that – at least until 2030 – the power sector contributes its share toward keeping global temperatures from rising more than 2 degrees Celsius. (Importantly, major progress in de-carbonization will also be required in other segments of the world’s economy to address climate change).

Each year, NEO compares the costs of competing energy technologies through a levelized cost of energy analysis. This year, the report finds that, in approximately two-thirds of the world, wind or solar now represent the least expensive option for adding new power-generating capacity. Electricity demand is set to increase 62%, resulting in global generating capacity almost tripling between 2018 and 2050.
This will attract $13.3 trillion in new investment, of which wind will take $5.3 trillion and solar $4.2 trillion. In addition to the spending on new generating plants, $840 billion will go to batteries and $11.4 trillion to grid expansion.

NEO starts by analyzing technology trends and fuel prices to build a least cost view of the changing electricity sector. The results show coal’s role in the global power mix falling from 37% today to 12% by 2050 while oil as a power-generating source is virtually eliminated. Wind and solar grow from 7% of generation today to 48% by 2050.
The contributions of hydro, natural gas, and nuclear remain roughly level on a percentage basis.

Matthias Kimmel, NEO 2019 lead analyst, said: “Our power system analysis reinforces a key message from previous New Energy Outlooks – that solar photovoltaic modules, wind turbines and lithium-ion batteries are set to continue on aggressive cost reduction curves, of 28%, 14% and 18% respectively for every doubling in global installed capacity. By 2030, the energy generated or stored and dispatched by these three technologies will undercut electricity generated by existing coal and gas plants almost everywhere.”

The projected growth of renewables through 2030 indicates that many nations can follow a path for the next decade and a half that is compatible with keeping the increase in world temperatures to 2 degrees or less. And they can do this without introducing additional direct subsidies for existing technologies such as solar and wind.

“The days when direct supports such as feed-in tariffs are needed are coming to an end,” said Elena Giannakopoulou, head of energy economics at BNEF. “Still, to achieve this level of transition and de-carbonization, other policy changes will be required – namely, the reforming of power markets to ensure wind, solar, and batteries are remunerated properly for their contributions to the grid. NEO is fundamentally policy-agnostic, but it does assume that markets operate rationally and fairly to allow lowest-cost providers to win.”

Europe will decarbonize its grid the fastest with 92% of its electricity supplied by renewables in 2050. Major Western European economies in particular are already on a trajectory to significantly decarbonize thanks to carbon pricing and strong policy support. The U.S., with its abundance of low-priced natural gas, and China, with its modern fleet of coal-fired plants, follow at a slower pace.

China sees its power sector emissions peaking in 2026, and then falling by more than half in the next 20 years. Asia’s electricity demand will more than double to 2050. At $5.8 trillion, the whole Asia Pacific region will account for almost half of all new capital spent globally to meet that rising demand. China and India together are a $4.3 trillion investment opportunity.
The U.S. will see $1.1 trillion invested in new power capacity, with renewables more than doubling its generation share, to 43% in 2050.

The outlook for global emissions and keeping temperature increases to 2 degrees or less is mixed, according to this year’s NEO. On the one hand, the build-out of solar, wind and batteries will put the world on a path that is compatible with these objectives at least until 2030. On the other hand, a lot more will need to be done beyond that date to keep the world on that 2 degree path.

One reason is that wind and solar will be capable of reaching 80% of the electricity generation mix in a number of countries by mid-century, with the help of batteries, but going beyond that will be difficult and will require other technologies to play a part – with nuclear, biogas-to-power, green hydrogen-to-power and carbon capture and storage among the contenders.

BNEF’s NEO director, Seb Henbest commented: “Our analysis suggests that governments need to do two separate things – one is to ensure their markets are friendly to the expansion of low-cost wind, solar and batteries; and the other is to back research and early deployment of these other technologies so that they can be harnessed at scale from the 2030s onwards.”

In NEO 2019, BNEF for the first time considers 100% electrification of road transport and the heating of residential buildings, leading to a significant expansion of power generation’s role.

Under this projection, overall electricity demand would grow by a quarter compared to a future in which road transport and residential heat only electrify as far as assumed in the main NEO scenario. Total generation capacity in 2050 would have to be three times the size of what is installed today. Overall, electrifying heat and transport would lower economy-wide emissions, saving 126GtCO2 between 2018 and 2050.

NEO 2019 is the result of a detailed study of the outlook for energy demand and supply, country-by-country, conducted by 65 BNEF analysts around the world. It draws on BNEF’s market-leading work on the evolving economics of different generation sources.

www.bloomberg.net

https://about.bnef.com/

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Companies fail to disclose impact on world’s forests. A large majority of major corporations are failing to be transparent about their impacts on global deforestation and many are taking inadequate steps to tackle it, according to a new report released by environmental non-profit CDP.

Over 1,500 companies deemed to have a significant impact on deforestation or to be susceptible to deforestation risk were requested by investors and large purchasing organizations to disclose forests data through CDP’s reporting platform in 2018, but 70% failed to do so. Companies are asked to disclose on four commodities linked to deforestation: timber, palm oil, cattle and soy.

Over 350 companies have declined to respond for the last three years (2018-2016), including major consumer facing brands like Dominos, Next, and Sports Direct along with global food corporation Mondelez and its palm oil supplier Rimbunan Hijau Group, the largest palm oil company in the rainforest region of Sarawak, Malaysia.
These companies use commodities that drive deforestation, for example through their procurement of palm oil for inclusion in chocolates, leather for shoes, paper for pizza boxes and timber for furniture – as forests are cleared for cattle ranching, plantations or agriculture.

CDP’s new report, The Money Trees, finds that corporate transparency on forests (30% disclosure rate in 2018) lags behind other environmental issues such as climate change and water security (both 43%). This is despite significant risks to business from deforestation, the ecological importance of forests and the role they must play in solving climate change, as well as the heightened environmental concern among investors, buyers and consumers.

Morgan Gillespy, Global Director of Forests at CDP, commented: “The silence is deafening when it comes to the corporate response to deforestation. For too long corporations have ignored the impacts of their supply chains on the world’s forests and have not taken seriously the risks this poses – both to their business and the world.

Environmental concern is at an all-time high, and companies are being demanded to be transparent and take decisive action to protect forests. Consumers increasingly want to know that their shopping basket isn’t driving the destruction of the Amazon, extinction of the orangutans and the climate crisis.

Businesses that want to maintain market share need to listen to the calls from their customers, investors and consumers – or they could face a backlash. Companies are already telling us reputational risk is the top risk they see from deforestation and this is likely to become ever more prominent as sustainable consumption trends continue and the market shifts”.

A total of 306 companies disclosed forests data to CDP in 2018, reporting on their sourcing of timber, palm oil, cattle and/or soy and the actions taken to reduce deforestation in their supply chains.

Analyzing these companies’ responses, the report reveals the level of action is insufficient to solve the problem of deforestation. This is despite damage to brand reputation from links to deforestation being the most frequently cited risk in the report.

Around a quarter (24%) of companies are either taking no or limited action on deforestation, for example by focusing on only one commodity instead of all commodities within their supply chain.

The data also shows over a third of companies are not yet working with their suppliers to reduce deforestation. This is a critical gap as deforestation is almost always a supply chain issue, unless the company is a direct producer.

Companies report a potential US$30.4 billion in losses due to the impacts of deforestation risks, such as brand damage, regulatory change and physical impacts like forest fires and crop failures.

Yet this is only the tip of the iceberg, as only around a quarter of companies reported financial figures for potential losses. The data also shows that nearly a third of companies do not even include forest-related issues in their risk assessments. However, among companies that do, almost all (92%) see substantial risks, suggesting that the business risks and financial impacts associated with deforestation are underreported.

Nearly 450 companies1 and more than 50 governments2 have pledged to end deforestation by 2020, but industry action to date has not been enough to achieve this, with companies recently publicly stating that this deadline will be missed3. Global forest loss continues at a rate of 5 million hectares a year or 15 football pitches every minute4. Turning this trajectory around is essential to address the climate crisis, with the IPCC’s special report on 1.5°C highlighting the need to use forests as carbon sinks.

Yet CDP data shows 83% of corporate targets on deforestation end in 2020 and only 14% extend beyond, posing the risk of corporate action on deforestation falling off a cliff next year.

However, CDP’s report also finds there are some companies leading the way, implementing numerous actions including engaging with their suppliers on the protection of forests. For example, global beauty giant L’Oréal and German consumer goods manufacturer Beiersdorf AG are leading on the sustainable sourcing of palm oil. To encourage its suppliers to manage their forest footprint, L’Oréal has developed its Sustainable Palm Index, to assess suppliers’ commitments and achievements in fighting deforestation.

CDP data shows that for the companies willing to move the needle on forests, there are major opportunities up for grabs. 76 companies reported business opportunities – such as increased brand value and product innovation – valued at US$26.8 billion, more than half of which are rated highly likely or virtually certain.

Morgan Gillespy, Global Director of Forests at CDP, added: “Our data shows companies are not doing enough to end deforestation. Meanwhile the hundreds of high-impact companies that have not disclosed through CDP and therefore not been analyzed in this report could be missing out on lucrative opportunities. They could also be sitting on a black box of risks that their investors, customers and end consumers are not aware of, but are increasingly demanding transparency on”.

CDP is an international non-profit that drives companies and governments to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, safeguard water resources and protect forests. Voted number one climate research provider by investors and working with institutional investors with assets of US$96 trillion, we leverage investor and buyer power to motivate companies to disclose and manage their environmental impacts. Over 7,000 companies with over 50% of global market capitalization disclosed environmental data through CDP in 2018. This is in addition to the over 750 cities, states and regions who disclosed, making CDP’s platform one of the richest sources of information globally on how companies and governments are driving environmental change. CDP, formerly Carbon Disclosure Project, is a founding member of the We Mean Business Coalition.
Il 70% delle aziende non rende pubblico l’impatto della propria attività sulla deforestazione nel mondo

La maggioranza delle grandi aziende non comunica in modo trasparente l’impatto delle loro attività sulla deforestazione globale, oltre a non adottare misure adeguate a favore della salvaguardia delle foreste. Questo è quanto emerge dal nuovo report pubblicato da CDP, la piattaforma globale di rendicontazione ambientale che ogni anno raccoglie dati ambientali da oltre 7.000 aziende.

I dati rivelano che sono oltre 1.500 le aziende che hanno un impatto significativo sulla deforestazione o che possono incorrere nel rischio di deforestazione ambientale e che nel 2018 sono state invitate da investitori e grandi organizzazioni di acquisto per comunicare informazioni circa l’attenzione alle foreste attraverso la piattaforma di reporting di CDP. Ciò nonostante, il 70% non l’ha fatto, rifiutando di fornire maggiori dettagli sui principali elementi responsabili della deforestazione: legno, olio di palma, allevamenti di bestiame e soia.

Tuttavia, più di 350 aziende hanno rifiutato di rispondere sul triennio 2018-2016, tra cui i principali marchi di consumo come Dominos, Next, Ferrero Spa e Sports Direct insieme alla multinazionale americana attiva nel settore alimentare Mondelez e il suo fornitore di olio di palma Rimbunan Hijau Group, leader nella regione della foresta pluviale del Sarawak, in Malesia.
Infatti, queste aziende utilizzano ampiamente prodotti che figurano tra i principali responsabili della deforestazione. A titolo di esempio si può citare l’acquisto di olio di palma per realizzare i cioccolatini, così come il cuoio per le scarpe, la carta per le scatole della pizza e il legno per i mobili. A ciò si aggiunge che le aree forestali vengono continuamente messe a rischio dall’allevamento intensivo di bestiame, ma anche dall’agricoltura stessa.

Il nuovo rapporto di CDP rivela che la trasparenza aziendale sulla deforestazione (con un tasso di divulgazione del 30% nel 2018) è in netto ritardo rispetto ad altre questioni ambientali come il cambiamento climatico e la sicurezza idrica (entrambe stabili al 43%). L’importanza di preservare le foreste non è fondamentale solo per scongiurare danni di business a livello aziendale, bensì anche come strumento risolutivo per combattere il cambiamento climatico e rassicurare le crescenti preoccupazioni di investitori, acquirenti e consumatori.

Morgan Gillespy, Global Director of Forests at CDP, ha commentato, “Il silenzio è assordante quando si tratta delle misure aziendali nei confronti della deforestazione. Per troppo tempo le aziende hanno ignorato l’impatto delle loro catene di approvvigionamento sulle foreste esistenti, senza prendere sul serio i rischi che ne derivano – sia lato business sia sulla società globale.

Attualmente, la preoccupazione per l’ambiente è ai massimi livelli e le aziende hanno il dovere di essere trasparenti e intraprendere azioni decisive per la salvaguardia delle foreste. Di pari passo, i consumatori si mostrano sempre più sensibili a questo tema e desiderosi di sincerarsi che nel loro carrello non ci siano prodotti responsabili della deforestazione dell’Amazzonia, dell’estinzione degli oranghi e del cambiamento climatico.

Le aziende che mirano a mantenere una quota di mercato devono ascoltare i loro clienti, investitori e consumatori, così da non rischiare di incappare in situazioni sfavorevoli. Le aziende, infatti, suggeriscono che il rischio reputazionale è il rischio maggiore che può derivare da una mancata attenzione nei confronti della deforestazione, un tema destinato ad acquisire sempre più importanza a seconda del cambiamento del mercato e dei consumi in un’ottica sostenibile”.
Nel 2018 un totale di 306 aziende ha collaborato con CDP condividendo i propri rapporti di sostenibilità fornendo dettagli sulla provenienza di legno, olio di palma, bestiame e / o soia, indicando le misure intraprese per combattere la deforestazione all’interno delle loro catene di approvvigionamento.

Analizzando le risposte di queste aziende, il report rivela che le iniziative sono insufficienti per risolvere il problema della deforestazione. Tuttavia, è interessante osservare come il danno reputazionale del brand derivante dalla deforestazione sia indicato come il rischio di gran lunga più frequente.
Circa un quarto (24%) delle società non intraprende affatto o adotta misure circoscritte per combattere la deforestazione, ad esempio concentrandosi su una singola categoria merceologica senza rendere più sostenibile le altre merci che attraversano la propria catena di approvvigionamento.
I dati confermano, inoltre, che oltre un terzo delle aziende non sta lavorando con i propri fornitori al fine di ridurre il proprio impatto ambientale sulle foreste. Ciò è emblematico di un divario critico, in quanto la deforestazione è quasi sempre un problema di filiera, ad eccezione di quei casi in cui la società sia un produttore diretto.

Complessivamente, le aziende riportano perdite potenziali per un valore di 30,4 miliardi di dollari dovute all’impatto dei rischi da deforestazione, tra cui danni reputazionali, cambiamenti normativi e catastrofi naturali come incendi e cattivi raccolti.
Eppure, tutto ciò è solo la punta dell’iceberg, in quanto circa un quarto delle aziende prevede una stima quantitativa delle potenziali perdite. Inoltre, i dati mostrano che quasi un terzo delle aziende non include le problematiche relative alla deforestazione nel processo di valutazione del rischio. Tuttavia, tra le aziende che ne prendono atto, quasi tutte (92%) confermano rischi sostanziali, suggerendo che il rischio aziendale e l’impatto finanziario associati alla deforestazione siano sottostimati.

Sono quasi 450 le aziende e più di 50 i governi che si sono impegnati a porre fine alla deforestazione entro il 2020, ma l’azione del settore fino ad oggi non è stata sufficiente nel raggiungimento di questo obiettivo, con realtà che già hanno dichiarato pubblicamente l’impossibilità di rispettare questa deadline . La deforestazione continua ad un ritmo di 5 milioni di ettari all’anno (equivalenti a 15 campi da calcio ogni minuto ). Invertire questa tendenza è essenziale per affrontare i problemi associati al cambiamento climatico. Ad esempio, il report dell’IPCC sull’1,5°C evidenzia la necessità di utilizzare le foreste come pozzi di assorbimento del carbonio.
Tuttavia, i dati di CDP mostrano che l’83% degli obiettivi aziendali sulla deforestazione hanno come scadenza il 2020 e solo il 14% si estende oltre questa data, facendo ipotizzare che le misure aziendali contro la deforestazione si possano esaurire nel breve termine.

Un altro dato interessante che emerge dal rapporto di CDP è che ci sono alcune aziende all’avanguardia che promuovono diverse iniziative a sostegno delle foreste grazie ad un’intensa collaborazione con i propri fornitori. Ad esempio, il colosso mondiale della bellezza L’Oréal e il produttore tedesco di beni di consumo Beiersdorf AG sono leader nell’approvvigionamento sostenibile dell’olio di palma. Per incoraggiare i propri fornitori a gestire l’impronta forestale, L’Oréal ha sviluppato Sustainable Palm Index con l’obiettivo valutare l’impegno e i risultati ottenuti dai fornitori nella lotta alla deforestazione.
Infine, i dati di CDP mostrano che per le aziende disposte a prestare maggiore attenzione alla salvaguardia delle foreste ci sono maggiori possibilità di crescita. 76 aziende hanno infatti segnalato opportunità di business come l’aumento del valore del marchio e l’innovazione di prodotto – valutate per un totale di 26,8 miliardi di dollari, di cui la metà di questo valore è dato come altamente probabile o, addirittura, certo.

Morgan Gillespy, Global Director of Forests at CDP, ha aggiunto: “I nostri dati rivelano che le aziende non stanno facendo abbastanza per porre fine alla deforestazione. Nel frattempo, sono centinaia le aziende ad alto impatto ambientale che non hanno consentito a CDP l’accesso ai loro dati e, pertanto, non sono state analizzate in questo report, eventualmente perdendo anche enormi opportunità di business. In altre parole, è come starsene comodamente seduti su una bolla pronta a scoppiare senza che i propri investitori, clienti e consumatori finali ne siano a conoscenza, pur richiedendo sempre maggiore trasparenza”.

CDP è un internazionale non-profit che spinge le aziende ed i governi a ridurre le loro emissioni di gas serra, tutelare le risorse idriche e proteggere le foreste. Votato numero uno come fornitore della ricerca climatica dagli investitori e lavorando con investitori istituzionali con le attività di 96 trilioni di dollari, sfruttiamo il potere degli investitori e dei consumatori per motivare le imprese a divulgare e gestire i loro impatti ambientali. Oltre 7,000 imprese con oltre il 50% percento della capitalizzazione del mercato globale nel 2018 hanno comunicato dei dati ambientali attraverso il CDP. Questo si aggiunge alle oltre 750 città, stati e regioni che hanno comunicato, rendendo la piattaforma del CDP una delle fonti più ricche di informazione a livello globale su come le aziende e i governi stanno spingendo cambiamenti ambientali. Il CDP, precedentemente il Progetto Carbon Disclosure, e un membro fondatore della coalizione We Mean Business.

www.CDP.net

report

Raising 2030 SDG ambition. Held on the sidelines of the High-Level Political Forum at the UN Headquarters in New York, the SDG Media Zone engages experts, innovators, content creators, young leader, and personalities to highlight actions and solutions in support of the Sustainable Development Goals. Day 2 was filled with engaging panels covering a broad range of topics including sustainable cities, poverty, plastic, Small Island Developing States, Peace and Justice, and much more. Our special guest, Amina J. Mohammed, the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, discusses the slow progress made in achieving the SDGs and the way forward. Whether you were able to join us or not, you can learn more about today’s panels and watch them here.

Our only Future – Private Sector and Climate Action
According to Luis Alfonso de Alba, UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for the 2019 Climate Action Summit, limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius will require drastic action, including by the private sector. Lise Kingo, CEO of UN Global Compact, stresses how important it is to have concrete examples of good practices. Similarly, Ann Rosenberg from SAP Next-Gen touches upon the need for new ideas and new ways of doing business.

Preview of 2019 Multidimensional Poverty Index
Pedro Conceição, the Head of the Human Development Report Office at the UN Development Programme, presents the Preview of the 2019 Multidimensional Poverty Index and discusses how it can help to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Unlike other reports, the index assesses progress on various dimensions of poverty at the country level while also looking at how multidimensional poverty varies within a country, revealing huge inequalities between the poorest and the wealthiest people. This data can help design policies tailored to specific regions and tackle poverty more effectively.

Inclusive Cities, Sustainable Communities
More than half of the world’s population currently lives in cities – by 2030, this number will rise to 60 per cent. To foster inclusive and sustainable cities, Maruxa Cardama, Chair of the 68th UN Civil Society Conference highlights the importance of giving youths a voice and also a role to play. Similarly, Steve Chiu, the Youth Representative of the Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation, highlights youth empowerment as a way of creating inclusive societies. Glocha Youth Representative Ali Mustafa further explores how to give youths opportunities for meaningful engagement in these inclusive and sustainable systems.

Planet or Plastic
Following a field expedition in India, Heather Koldewey, co-lead of the National Geographic Society’s Plastic Work and Sara Hylton, an award-winning photographer from National Geographic explain that people are unable to make the connection between dumping plastic into rivers and the impact on ocean pollution. Heather Koldewey stresses that while people do see plastic as an issue, it has become so ubiquitous that they can’t see any alternatives.

A Conversation with United Nations Deputy Secretary-General
With regard to the Sustainable Development Goals, United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Amina J. Mohammed says that while progress is slow, people are engaged, partnerships are being forged and young people are involved. She reminds us that most countries are committed to tackling global warming and that even where national governments are not, subnational governments and citizens continue to take action. Responding to climate change will be paramount as all the Sustainable Development Goals are intertwined and cannot be achieved individually.

Future of Small Island Developing States
What is the priority for Small Island developing states? According to Courtenay Rattray, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Jamaica to the United Nations, small islands face challenges in all of the Sustainable Development Goals. Low economic growth is leading to youth unemployment as well as brain drain. Congressman Jerry Tardieu adds that in order to create jobs for the youth, small islands need to think outside of the box and create partnerships. Maria-Francesca Spatolisano, Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Coordination and Inter-Agency Affairs, addresses how some of the existing partnerships between these developing states and other countries can help small islands overcome their vulnerabilities.

Investing in family-friendly policies: Why it’s a price we can afford
The chief of Early Childhood Development at UNICEF, Dr. Pia Rebello Britto, discusses the numerous benefits of investing in family-friendly policies and moving from maternal to parental needs. Laura Turquet, Manager of the World’s Women Progress Report from UN Women notes that while families can be a place for girls to strive; it can also be a place of sexism and discrimination. By investing in family-friendly policies, governments have the potential to reduce gender inequalities and drive progress on the SDGs.

Peace and Justice: Launch of SDG 16+ Report
Charles Chauvel from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) reveals that the most important finding from the SDG 16+ Report is that the implementation of SDG 16 can only be achieved through a collective effort with the private and public sector, academia, civil society, and more. Similarly, Ana Carolina, 16×16 Youth Advocate, stresses the importance of putting youths at the centre of discussions on peace to gain a different understanding of the challenges and issues that people may face. The Counsellor of the Permanent Mission of Sierra Leone to the United Nations, Alan George, highlights how justice needs to be modernized to be more engaging and consistent.

Angry Birds for UN Act Now Climate Campaign
Tolu Olubunmi from the UN Department of Global Communications unveils the partnership between the UN ActNow Climate Campaign and the Movie Angry Birds 2. Present on stage, Red the Angry Bird joins forces with one his archenemies, a green pig to stress the importance of collective action and behavioural change in the fight against climate change.

SDG Book Club
Singer, songwriter, and storyteller Ari Afsar engages with young children through a fun and interactive story-telling session. Along with other books handpicked by the SDG Bookclub, ‘Thank You Omu’ gives children a fresh perspective on the Sustainable Development Goals.

www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/

Rinnovabili: Decreto FER1. Gli obiettivi: incentivare la produzione di energia da fonti rinnovabili e creare migliaia di posti di lavoro.

I Ministri Luigi Di Maio e Sergio Costa hanno firmato il decreto FER1, che ha l’obiettivo di sostenere la produzione di energia da fonti rinnovabili per il raggiungimento dei target europei al 2030 definiti nel Piano Nazionale Integrato per l’Energia e il Clima (PNIEC), attraverso la definizione di incentivi e procedure indirizzati a promuovere l’efficacia, l’efficienza e la sostenibilità, sia in termini ambientali che economici, del settore.
Il provvedimento, in particolare, incentiva la diffusione di impianti fotovoltaici, eolici, idroelettrici e a gas di depurazione.

“Un grande lavoro di squadra dei due ministeri, ambiente e sviluppo economico, che darà impulso alla produzione di energia rinnovabile, creando migliaia di nuovi posti di lavoro – ha dichiarato Luigi Di Maioe puntando alla attuazione della transizione energetica, in un’ottica di decarbonizzazione”.

“E’ una vera e propria rivoluzione copernicana, un cambio di paradigma – commenta Sergio Costasi premia l’autoconsumo di energia per gli impianti su edificio fino a 100 kW e l’eliminazione dell’amianto, si incentiva la produzione di energia sostenibile oltre che rinnovabile. Questo decreto è una grande opportunità di sviluppo e di tutela ambientale”.

Dopo aver ottenuto il via libera della Commissione europea, il Decreto FER1 è stato inviato per la registrazione alla Corte dei Conti prima della pubblicazione in Gazzetta Ufficiale.

La sintesi del provvedimento
L’ attuazione del provvedimento consentirà la realizzazione di impianti per una potenza complessiva di circa 8.000 MW, con un aumento della produzione da fonti rinnovabili di circa 12 miliardi di kWh e con investimenti attivati stimati nell’ordine di 10 miliardi di Euro.

Con gli incentivi verrà data priorità a:
– impianti realizzati su discariche chiuse e sui Siti di Interesse Nazionale ai fini della bonifica;
– su scuole, ospedali ed altri edifici pubblici per impianti fotovoltaici i cui moduli sono installati in sostituzione di coperture di edifici e fabbricati rurali su cui è operata la completa rimozione dell’eternit o dell’amianto;
– impianti idroelettrici che rispettino le caratteristiche costruttive del DM 23 giugno 2016, quelli alimentati a gas residuati dai processi di depurazione o che prevedono la copertura delle vasche del digestato;
-tutti gli impianti connessi in “parallelo” con la rete elettrica e con le colonnine di ricarica delle auto elettriche (a condizione che la potenza di ricarica non sia inferiore al 15% della potenza dell’impianto e che ciascuna colonnina abbia una potenza di almeno 15 kW).

Cambia, inoltre, la modalità di riconoscimento del premio sull’autoconsumo: per gli impianti di potenza fino a 100 kW su edifici, sulla quota di produzione netta consumata in sito è attribuito un premio pari a 10 euro il MWh cumulabile con quello per i moduli in sostituzione di coperture contenenti amianto. Il premio è riconosciuto a posteriori a patto che l’energia auto consumata sia superiore al 40% della produzione netta.
Saranno ammessi agli incentivi solo gli impianti idroelettrici in possesso di determinati requisiti che consentano la tutela dei corpi idrici, e in base a una valutazione dell’Arpa.

Gli impianti fotovoltaici realizzati al posto delle coperture in amianto o eternit avranno diritto, in aggiunta agli incentivi sull’energia elettrica, a un premio pari a 12 €/MWh su tutta l’energia prodotta.

Impianti ammissibili
Potranno partecipare ai bandi per la selezione dei progetti da iscrivere nei registri gli impianti:
– di nuova costruzione, integralmente ricostruiti e riattivati, di potenza inferiore a 1MW;
– oggetto di interventi di potenziamento qualora la differenza tra la potenza dopo l’intervento e la potenza prima dell’intervento sia inferiore a 1 MW;
– oggetto di rifacimento di potenza inferiore a 1MW.
Sono ammessi impianti fotovoltaici esclusivamente di nuova costruzione e realizzati con componenti di nuova costruzione.

Inoltre, potranno partecipare alle procedure di registri anche aggregati costituiti da più impianti appartenenti al medesimo gruppo, di potenza unitaria superiore a 20 kW, purché la potenza complessiva dell’aggregato sia inferiore a 1 MW.
Gli impianti di potenza uguale o maggiore ai valori sopra indicati per accedere agli incentivi dovranno partecipare a procedure di asta al ribasso nei limiti dei contingenti di potenza.

In analogia, potranno partecipare alle procedure di asta anche gli aggregati costituiti da più impianti appartenenti al medesimo gruppo, di potenza unitaria superiore a 20 kW e non superiore a 500 kW, purché la potenza complessiva dell’aggregato sia uguale o superiore a 1 MW.

www.mise.gov.it

Transforming Sustainable Business. How next practices in sustainability can unlock opportunity. Climate change, unfair labor practices, corruption and other sustainability issues have become daily fixtures in newspaper headlines—and are rapidly taking their place alongside financial targets as top CEO priorities. Yet, the more that leaders work toward their early sustainability commitments, the more they discover how much further they need to go to prepare for a future where competitiveness and sustainability are inseparable. As sustainability best practices become more widely adopted, pioneering firms are taking a giant leap. They are pursuing the next practices that will allow them to achieve step changes in their business while helping to deliver a truly sustainable next economy. We believe that those who move first will unlock significant business benefits.

A truly sustainable economy will look different depending on your industry.
In agriculture, it will mean poverty elimination in smallholder farmer communities, increased productivity to keep up with a growing population and environmentally restorative practices.
For automotive companies, it will likely mean full adoption of autonomous vehicles fueled by clean energy, with a sharing model allowing high vehicle utilization.
In finance, the investor community will fully integrate environmental, social and governance (ESG) considerations into its investing approach.

There is no question that sustainability is moving up on the corporate agenda.
When Bain & Company surveyed 297 global companies, 81% said sustainability is more important to their business today than it was five years ago, and 85% believe that it will be even more important in five years. The evidence is everywhere. Sustainability is now incorporated into two-thirds of companies’ core missions. Signatories of the UN’s Principles for Responsible Investment now represent over half of the world’s institutional assets, and major investors like BlackRock are calling for companies to serve a social purpose.

Yet even as awareness grows and industries respond, companies realize that their efforts to date are just a drop in the bucket compared with what is required and the potential value at stake.
Among companies surveyed, 99% believe we need to either maintain a fast pace of progress or increase the pace of progress. These companies recognize that our current trajectory will have immense human and financial costs. Consider that recent reports predict a paltry 5% chance of meeting the Paris Agreement targets for emissions reduction. Or that by 2025, two-thirds of the global population could be living under water-stressed conditions, and that 700 million people may be displaced due to water scarcity by 2030.
Further, the aging workforce combined with the oncoming automation wave will create challenging labor markets and rising income inequality in future decades, according to recent Bain research (see “Labor 2030: The Collision of Demographics, Automation and Inequality“). On the other hand, these daunting forecasts also contain huge opportunities for companies that pursue solutions. For example, the Business & Sustainable Development Commission estimates that meeting the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals could generate $12 trillion in business savings and revenue, and create 380 million jobs, by 2030.

How will businesses respond?
Some companies are less advanced on this journey, still focusing on the basics of their sustainability strategies and the early stages of implementation. Based on our research and work with clients, however, sustainability leaders1—as well as followers looking to leapfrog to the top—will increasingly adopt six “next practices” to turbocharge both sustainability and business success (see Figure 1).

Using “future back” thinking to create transformative ambitions.
Setting targets from a baseline is an important part of making progress, and many companies with unambitious goals could benefit from stretching them. But instead of making incremental improvements, leaders will take a more transformational approach by thinking from the future back.

What do we mean by that?
They will create a vision of what their future will look like in a truly sustainable economy and then craft an objective to fit that vision. In fact, the share of companies that have adopted a truly transformative sustainability aspiration will nearly triple over the next five years, from 9% to 26%, according to our survey (see Figure 2). These companies will follow the lead of trailblazers like Tesla, which envisioned a long-term global need for sustainable vehicles and energy, adopted a mission to “accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy” and built a business model to meet that aspiration. Interface, the world’s largest modular carpet manufacturer, set an ambition in 1994 to turn a petroleum-intensive business into the first environmentally sustainable, and ultimately restorative, company. It has since been exploring radical product innovations and business model changes to help it achieve its “Mission Zero” by 2020.

Making “sustainable” irresistible for customers.
Over the next five years, customer loyalty and revenue generation will replace public reputation and cost savings as the primary drivers for sustainability action among leaders, according to our survey. Today, the most commonly cited barrier to success is low customer willingness to pay for sustainable goods. But forward-thinking companies aren’t deterred by this obstacle. They are expanding their reach beyond a niche group of customers by making sustainability part of a holistic value proposition, using innovation to create attractive product attributes, such as price savings, customer service or performance, that are complemented by sustainability.

www.bain.com

Climate-Finance-Related Report. Second TCFD Status Report Shows Steady Increase in TCFD Adoption. Nearly 800 organizations have now expressed support for the TCFD and its recommendations.

The Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) published its 2019 Status Report to the Financial Stability Board (FSB). The TCFD’s second status report provides an overview of disclosure practices aligned with the Task Force’s recommendations between 2016 and 2018.

The report also examines the decision-usefulness of existing climate-related financial disclosures to users of disclosure, and evaluates disclosures of strategy resilience and the challenges faced by preparers using scenario analysis.
At the time of publication, nearly 800 organizations have expressed their support for the TCFD recommendations, a more than 50% increase from the publication of the first status report in September 2018.

An artificial intelligence (AI) review of reports from over 1,100 large companies across multiple sectors in 142 countries found that the average number of recommended disclosures per company has increased by 29% from 2.8 in 2016 to 3.6 in 2018.
At the same time, the percentage of companies that disclosed information aligned with at least one of the Task Force’s recommendations grew from 70% in 2016 to 78% in 2018.

The Task Force also conducted a survey on companies’ efforts to implement the recommendations. Ninety-one percent of the 198 survey respondents that identified as preparers of disclosure have decided to “fully” or “partially” implement the TCFD recommendations, with 67% stating their companies plan to complete implementation within three years.
Seventy-six percent of users stated that they are already using climate-related financial disclosures in their decision making process. The survey received a total of 485 responses.

“We remain encouraged by the continued growth in the number of companies adhering to the guidelines of the TCFD – it means businesses are better informed about the risks they face, and investors are more capable of making sound decisions,” said Michael R. Bloomberg, Chair of the Task Force and Founder of Bloomberg LP and Bloomberg Philanthropies. “However, we’re also clear-eyed about the serious threat that climate change poses. In order to keep people out of harm’s way, and build a more resilient global economy, we need more companies to follow their lead – and soon.”

While the commitment to implementation is encouraging, actual disclosure still faces challenges. Most notably the preparers surveyed find disclosing scenario analysis assumptions difficult and lack standardized metrics and targets.
Respondents that identify as users, on the other hand, ask for more clarity on the financial impact of climate-related issues on companies, which would help to make the disclosures more decision-useful.
Overall, more companies beyond the ones that have traditionally been engaged on climate-related issues need to start their disclosure journey.

“We see extensive and mounting evidence that the physical and transition effects of the climate crisis are real. In order to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement we need to take forceful action – this includes action from corporations and the private sector at large,” commented Mary Schapiro, Special Advisor to the TCFD Chair and Vice Chair for Global Public Policy at Bloomberg LP. “Climate-related disclosures and the TCFD recommendations help companies consider the impact of climate change and associated mitigation efforts on their strategies and operations. A company that communicates its climate resiliency to its investors will have a competitive advantage over those that don’t.”

The list of 785 TCFD supporters includes 374 financial and 297 non-financial companies, with a combined market capitalization of nearly $9.3 trillion. The supporting financial firms are responsible for assets of nearly $118 trillion.
Supporters also include 114 other organizations, such as trade associations, financial and insurance supervisors and regulators, governments and ministries. Supporters are headquartered across 49 countries.

Speaking about the publication of the report, FSB Chair Randal K. Quarles said: “The Task Force continues to provide a forum for market participants to develop and use a valuable private-sector solution to assess climate-related business risks. The increased participation levels confirm the value of these voluntary disclosures, allowing the public, markets, and investors to better monitor risks.”

The Task Force will continue its work on promoting and monitoring adoption of its recommendations with a focus on areas that have proven challenging for implementation. The Task Force will deliver its next status report to the FSB in September 2020.

Companies and others can express their interest in supporting the TCFD recommendations via online form. The full list of current companies and organizations supporting the work of the Task Force is viewable and supportive quotes are viewable here.
Companies considering implementing the TCFD recommendations are encouraged to visit the TCFD Knowledge Hub to access more than 470 relevant resources, including case studies.

About the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures
On December 4, 2015, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) established the industry-led Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) with Michael R. Bloomberg as Chair.
The Task Force currently has three Vice Chairs and 29 members in total. The TCFD was asked to develop voluntary, consistent climate-related financial disclosures for use by companies in providing information to lenders, insurers, investors and other stakeholders, which were published in the TCFD Recommendations Report on June 29, 2017.

www.fsb-tcfd.org

document

Effort to limit Climate Warming. Business leaders urged to set more ambitious climate targets in effort to limit global temperature rise to 1.5°C. UN Secretary-General’s Climate Action Summit to recognize private sector leadership on climate change and inspire a faster transformation to a net zero future

A broad coalition of business, civil society and UN leaders issued a call to action for private companies to make their critical and necessary contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to limit the worst impacts of climate change.

In the lead-up to the UN Secretary-General’s Climate Action Summit to be held on 23 September in New York, Chief Executive Officers are being challenged to set even more ambitious targets for their companies in line with the report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) which made a compelling case for limiting global temperature rise to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.

The call-to-action comes in the form of an open letter addressed to business leaders and signed by Lise Kingo and more than 20 leaders including Her Excellency María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés, President of the UN General Assembly, Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, Jayathma Wickramanayake, the UN Secretary-General’s Envoy on Youth and SDG Advocate Paul Polman, former CEO of Unilever.

“We need concrete, realistic plans by 2020 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 45% over the next decade, and to net zero by 2050,” said Ambassador Luis Alfonso de Alba, UN Special Envoy for the 2019 Climate Action Summit and one of the co-signatories to the letter. “Climate change requires an unprecedented effort from all sectors of society and business leadership demonstrated by setting science-based targets at 1.5°C will send strong market signals as we look to identify the scalable and replicable solutions needed to secure a world where no one is left behind.”

“We have less than 11 years to fundamentally change our economies or we will face catastrophic consequences,” said Lise Kingo, CEO & Executive Director of the UN Global Compact, one of the member organizations of the Science Based Targets initiative. “For the first time, we are seeing business and climate leaders coalesce around a common call-to-action, sending a powerful signal that science-based target setting presents a significant opportunity for businesses to step up when it comes to tackling climate change and limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.”
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Other signatories to the letter — which is published on the UN Global Compact website — include John Denton, Secretary-General of the International Chamber of Commerce, Paul Simpson, CEO of CDP, Andrew Steer, CEO of World Resources Institute, Manuel Pulgar Vidal, Climate & Energy Practice Leader at WWF, Nigel Topping, CEO of We Mean Business, Anand Mahindra, Chairman of Mahindra Group and Halla Tómasdóttir, CEO of The B Team, amongst others.

The economic opportunity presented by taking bold climate action is significant, with evidence suggesting that those companies aligned with a 1.5°C trajectory will be best-placed to thrive as the global economy undergoes a just transition to a net-zero future by 2050.

The call-to-action asks companies to set verifiable science-based targets through the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi), which independently assesses corporate emissions reduction targets against scientific best practice and to date has verified the targets of more than 200 companies. In April 2019, the SBTi released new target validation resources to enable companies to set targets consistent with keeping warming to 1.5°C.

Ambitious business leaders who commit their companies to a 1.5°C-aligned target will be recognized at the UN Global Compact’s Private Sector Forum in New York on 23 September as part of the Climate Action Summit.

About the Science Based Targets initiative
The Science Based Targets initiative mobilizes companies to set science-based targets and boost their competitive advantage in the transition to the low-carbon economy. It is a collaboration between CDP, the United Nations Global Compact, World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and one of the We Mean Business Coalition commitments. The initiative defines and promotes best practice in science-based target setting, offers resources and guidance to reduce barriers to adoption, and independently assesses and approves companies’ targets.

About the United Nations Global Compact
As a special initiative of the UN Secretary-General, the United Nations Global Compact works with companies everywhere to align their operations and strategies with ten universal principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption. Launched in 2000, the UN Global Compact guides and supports the global business community in advancing UN goals and values through responsible corporate practices. With more than 9,500 companies and 3,000 non-business signatories based in over 160 countries, and 70 Local Networks, it is the largest corporate sustainability initiative in the world.

About the We Mean Business Coalition
We Mean Business is a global coalition of nonprofit organizations working with the world’s most influential businesses to take action on climate change. The coalition brings together seven organizations, BSR, CDP, Ceres, The B Team, The Climate Group, The Prince of Wales’s Corporate Leaders Group and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development. Together we catalyze business action to drive policy ambition and accelerate the transition to a zero carbon economy.

A joint press release from the United Nations Global Compact, the Science Based Targets Initiative (SBTi) and the We Mean Business coalition.

www.sciencebasedtargets.org

www.unglobalcompact.org

www.unglobalcompact.org/OurOnlyFuture

www.wemeanbusinesscoaltion.org

SmartEfficiency con Decreto Crescita, Superammortamento, Iperammortamento, Sabatini 2019. Gli imprenditori, dopo aver progettato gli impianti tecnologici per abbattere gli sprechi energetici, oggi avviano i lavori per rendere più competitive le proprie aziende. (altro…)

Biometano agricolo in rete nazionale. Inaugurato a Faenza il primo impianto di produzione di biometano agricolo in Italia. La cooperativa vitivinicola Caviro, socia di CIB – Consorzio Italiano Biogas, produrrà biocarburante avanzato partendo dal biogas generato con la digestione anaerobica dei sotto-prodotti del ciclo produttivo e da reflui di allevamenti della zona.
Un primo importante passo verso la decarbonizzazione del settore dei trasporti.

Piero Gattoni, presidente CIB – Consorzio Italiano Biogas dichiara: “L’immissione in rete del primo metro cubo di gas rinnovabile di origine agro-industriale è un momento storico per tutta l’agricoltura italiana. Caviro è un esempio virtuoso di coesistenza tra agricoltura e produzione di gas rinnovabile che mi auguro potrà essere presto seguito da altri. Gli investimenti delle aziende italiane del settore in attività di ricerca e sviluppo e il supporto attivo del CIB, che da sempre favorisce le sinergie e il trasferimento tecnologico tra il mondo dell’industria e quello dell’agricoltura, sta dando i risultati auspicati. Il biometano è un biocarburante avanzato che può giocare un ruolo primario nella transizione energetica e non solo. L’esempio di Caviro dimostra come la cooperazione e il modello di azienda circolare possano essere un prototipo vincente per rafforzare la competitività del settore agroindustriale e per contribuire alla decarbonizzazione del settore energetico favorendo, al contempo, la tutela ambientale”.

Il CIB – Consorzio Italiano Biogas rappresenta il comparto italiano della produzione di biogas e biometano in agricoltura e intende essere il punto di riferimento per tutto il settore.
Il CIB è la prima aggregazione volontaria che riunisce aziende agricole produttrici di biogas e biometano da fonti rinnovabili, le aziende o società industriali fornitrici di impianti, tecnologie e servizi per la produzione di biogas e biometano, Enti ed Istituzioni che contribuiscono a vario titolo al raggiungimento degli scopi sociali, di diffusione e promozione della tecnologia della digestione anaerobica per il comparto agricolo.
Il CIB, strumento tecnico voluto dai produttori per i produttori, è attivo sull’intero territorio nazionale e rappresenta tutta la filiera della produzione di biogas e biometano in agricoltura.
Il CIB è inoltre socio fondatore di EBA (European Biogas Association). Possiede pertanto il titolo per rappresentare gli interessi del settore anche a livello delle Istituzioni Europee nell’orientamento delle Direttive Comunitarie.

www.consorziobiogas.it

Cruise ships poisoning city air with sulphur as much as cars. Cruises docking in Barcelona are spewing out five times more SOx than the city’s 560,000 cars every year, according to the T&E study, which is based on satellite data of ship movements.
Palma Mallorca (Spain) and Venice and Civitavecchia in Italy are the next worst hit, with Southampton in England the fifth worse for SOx emissions from cruise ships. These emissions form sulphate aerosols and fine particles that harm human health and cause acid rain and acidification of the seas.

T&E said these ports and their countries are so exposed because they are major tourist destinations, where cruise ships make prolonged port calls.

T&E’s shipping policy manager, Faig Abbasov, said: ‘Luxury cruise ships are floating cities powered by some of the dirtiest fuel possible. Cities are rightly banning dirty diesel cars but they’re giving a free pass to cruise companies that spew out toxic fumes that do immeasurable harm both to those on board and on nearby shores. This is unacceptable.’

Cruise ships also belch out poisonous nitrogen oxides (NOx) equivalent to 15% of Europe’s car fleet every year. In Marseille, where 57 cruise ships called in 2017, they emitted almost as much NOx as one-quarter of the city’s 340,000 passenger cars. SOx, ultrafine particles (PM2.5) and NOx cause premature death, including from lung cancer and cardiovascular disease, and lead to childhood asthma.

Diesel cars have been the focus of the air pollution crisis in Europe’s cities, but along the coasts of countries such as Norway, Denmark, Greece, Croatia and Malta a handful of cruise ships are responsible for more NOx than the majority of their domestic car fleets.

The next European Commission will face calls to implement a zero-emission port standard for cruise ships as soon as possible, and then extend it to other ship types. T&E also recommends extending low emission control areas (ECAs), currently in place only in the North and Baltic Seas and English Channel, to the rest of the European seas. Furthermore, the report recommends turning low emissions control areas into zero emission control areas to equally address air pollution and GHG emissions.

T&E said the new global standard for low-sulphur fuel, to be implemented from 2020, is welcome but won’t bring an improvement in ports as high-sulphur fuel is already banned there for cruise ships.

Faig Abbasov concluded: ‘There are enough mature technologies to clean up cruise ships. Shore-side electricity can help cut in-port emissions, batteries are a solution for shorter distances and hydrogen technology can power even the biggest cruise ships. The cruise sector are apparently not willing to make the shift voluntarily, so we need governments to step in and mandate zero emission standards.’

www.transportenvironment.org

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