Refrigerazione scottante attualità: luglio, agosto, si rincorre l’emergenza. Ma i consumi di tutto l’anno? SmartEfficiency per centrali frigo BT e TN, cuore di retail, logistiche, farmaceutici, alimentari, ristorazione, produzioni plastiche, trattamenti metallici.
Solar, Wind, Batteries to Attract $10 Trillion to 2050, but curbing emissions long-term will require other technologies too. Deep declines in wind, solar and battery technology costs will result in a grid nearly half-powered by the two fast-growing renewable energy sources by 2050, according to the latest projections from BloombergNEF (BNEF).
In its New Energy Outlook 2019 (NEO), BNEF sees these technologies ensuring that – at least until 2030 – the power sector contributes its share toward keeping global temperatures from rising more than 2 degrees Celsius. (Importantly, major progress in de-carbonization will also be required in other segments of the world’s economy to address climate change).
Each year, NEO compares the costs of competing energy technologies through a levelized cost of energy analysis. This year, the report finds that, in approximately two-thirds of the world, wind or solar now represent the least expensive option for adding new power-generating capacity. Electricity demand is set to increase 62%, resulting in global generating capacity almost tripling between 2018 and 2050.
This will attract $13.3 trillion in new investment, of which wind will take $5.3 trillion and solar $4.2 trillion. In addition to the spending on new generating plants, $840 billion will go to batteries and $11.4 trillion to grid expansion.
NEO starts by analyzing technology trends and fuel prices to build a least cost view of the changing electricity sector. The results show coal’s role in the global power mix falling from 37% today to 12% by 2050 while oil as a power-generating source is virtually eliminated. Wind and solar grow from 7% of generation today to 48% by 2050.
The contributions of hydro, natural gas, and nuclear remain roughly level on a percentage basis.
Matthias Kimmel, NEO 2019 lead analyst, said: “Our power system analysis reinforces a key message from previous New Energy Outlooks – that solar photovoltaic modules, wind turbines and lithium-ion batteries are set to continue on aggressive cost reduction curves, of 28%, 14% and 18% respectively for every doubling in global installed capacity. By 2030, the energy generated or stored and dispatched by these three technologies will undercut electricity generated by existing coal and gas plants almost everywhere.”
The projected growth of renewables through 2030 indicates that many nations can follow a path for the next decade and a half that is compatible with keeping the increase in world temperatures to 2 degrees or less. And they can do this without introducing additional direct subsidies for existing technologies such as solar and wind.
“The days when direct supports such as feed-in tariffs are needed are coming to an end,” said Elena Giannakopoulou, head of energy economics at BNEF. “Still, to achieve this level of transition and de-carbonization, other policy changes will be required – namely, the reforming of power markets to ensure wind, solar, and batteries are remunerated properly for their contributions to the grid. NEO is fundamentally policy-agnostic, but it does assume that markets operate rationally and fairly to allow lowest-cost providers to win.”
Europe will decarbonize its grid the fastest with 92% of its electricity supplied by renewables in 2050. Major Western European economies in particular are already on a trajectory to significantly decarbonize thanks to carbon pricing and strong policy support. The U.S., with its abundance of low-priced natural gas, and China, with its modern fleet of coal-fired plants, follow at a slower pace.
China sees its power sector emissions peaking in 2026, and then falling by more than half in the next 20 years. Asia’s electricity demand will more than double to 2050. At $5.8 trillion, the whole Asia Pacific region will account for almost half of all new capital spent globally to meet that rising demand. China and India together are a $4.3 trillion investment opportunity.
The U.S. will see $1.1 trillion invested in new power capacity, with renewables more than doubling its generation share, to 43% in 2050.
The outlook for global emissions and keeping temperature increases to 2 degrees or less is mixed, according to this year’s NEO. On the one hand, the build-out of solar, wind and batteries will put the world on a path that is compatible with these objectives at least until 2030. On the other hand, a lot more will need to be done beyond that date to keep the world on that 2 degree path.
One reason is that wind and solar will be capable of reaching 80% of the electricity generation mix in a number of countries by mid-century, with the help of batteries, but going beyond that will be difficult and will require other technologies to play a part – with nuclear, biogas-to-power, green hydrogen-to-power and carbon capture and storage among the contenders.
BNEF’s NEO director, Seb Henbest commented: “Our analysis suggests that governments need to do two separate things – one is to ensure their markets are friendly to the expansion of low-cost wind, solar and batteries; and the other is to back research and early deployment of these other technologies so that they can be harnessed at scale from the 2030s onwards.”
In NEO 2019, BNEF for the first time considers 100% electrification of road transport and the heating of residential buildings, leading to a significant expansion of power generation’s role.
Under this projection, overall electricity demand would grow by a quarter compared to a future in which road transport and residential heat only electrify as far as assumed in the main NEO scenario. Total generation capacity in 2050 would have to be three times the size of what is installed today. Overall, electrifying heat and transport would lower economy-wide emissions, saving 126GtCO2 between 2018 and 2050.
NEO 2019 is the result of a detailed study of the outlook for energy demand and supply, country-by-country, conducted by 65 BNEF analysts around the world. It draws on BNEF’s market-leading work on the evolving economics of different generation sources.
Recyclability rigid packaging. Manufacturers urged to adopt new guidelines for recyclability of household rigid packaging. WRAP, which manages The UK Plastics Pact, has published guidance that sets out which plastics used in household packaging are currently classed as ‘recyclable’. It provides direction to packaging designers and specifiers, setting out a ‘best in class’ vision for design, including targets for recycled content.
Through consultation with industry, WRAP has identified what types of plastic packaging are actually recycled, at scale and in practice, and are therefore defined as ‘recyclable’. The On-Pack Labelling Scheme (OPRL) is anticipated to adopt what is classed as ‘recyclable’ under The UK Plastics Pact when it updates its guidance later in 2019.
The document highlights a preference for clear PET (often used for drinks bottles and trays), on the basis that the end market for this material is significantly higher and by using ‘clear’, there is the greatest potential for it to be used back, ideally into plastic packaging.
When it comes to colour, only those that can be sorted in the recycling processes using near-infra red technology will be deemed recyclable. WRAP plans to publish further guidance on this in the coming months, specifically in relation to new near-infra-red (NIR) detectable black plastics.
Peter Maddox, Director of WRAP UK, launched the guidance at today’s Packaging News Environmental Packaging Summit and said: “If plastic is recyclable, and clearly labelled as such, we stand a far greater chance of keeping that plastic in the economy and out of the natural environment. We also know from recent research that citizens want to see packaging that is 100% recyclable, which they can recycle at home.* By rationalising the number of polymers used in packaging, we can develop a more efficient recycling system, and reduce confusion for citizens.
“Through The UK Plastics Pact we are working at pace with our members to respond to this, and ensure that all plastic packaging is re-usable, recyclable or compostable by 2025. This new guidance is a significant milestone in our journey towards reaching that target.
“Businesses that specify, design and produce plastic packaging will be able to draw on this resource for best practise guidance in selecting plastic polymers which are recyclable, while retaining the important protective properties that packaging has. While some plastics are classed as recyclable, there is a need to move beyond this, ideally selecting polymers which have a greater recyclability potential than others. In doing so it will help us to achieve other Pact targets, notably to achieve an average of 30% recycled content across all pack formats.”
Users of the guidance will find ‘best in class’ polymer choices for individual packaging types to guarantee recyclability. For example, for plastic food and drink bottles, the guidance explains:
– Best in class material choice – for the bottle, cap and sleeve
– Best in class colour choice
– Labelling recommendations
– The rationale behind these recommendations
While the scope of the guidance is currently rigid plastic packaging – bottles, pots tubs and trays – it will be updated in the future to include films and flexibles.
The classifications of what is recyclable do not yet include compostable plastics. WRAP believes similar principles should be applied to these types of plastics, with a need to demonstrate that the materials are actually composted in current infrastructure. Further guidance on this is expected over the summer.
Raising 2030 SDG ambition. Held on the sidelines of the High-Level Political Forum at the UN Headquarters in New York, the SDG Media Zone engages experts, innovators, content creators, young leader, and personalities to highlight actions and solutions in support of the Sustainable Development Goals. Day 2 was filled with engaging panels covering a broad range of topics including sustainable cities, poverty, plastic, Small Island Developing States, Peace and Justice, and much more. Our special guest, Amina J. Mohammed, the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, discusses the slow progress made in achieving the SDGs and the way forward. Whether you were able to join us or not, you can learn more about today’s panels and watch them here.
Our only Future – Private Sector and Climate Action
According to Luis Alfonso de Alba, UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for the 2019 Climate Action Summit, limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius will require drastic action, including by the private sector. Lise Kingo, CEO of UN Global Compact, stresses how important it is to have concrete examples of good practices. Similarly, Ann Rosenberg from SAP Next-Gen touches upon the need for new ideas and new ways of doing business.
Preview of 2019 Multidimensional Poverty Index
Pedro Conceição, the Head of the Human Development Report Office at the UN Development Programme, presents the Preview of the 2019 Multidimensional Poverty Index and discusses how it can help to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Unlike other reports, the index assesses progress on various dimensions of poverty at the country level while also looking at how multidimensional poverty varies within a country, revealing huge inequalities between the poorest and the wealthiest people. This data can help design policies tailored to specific regions and tackle poverty more effectively.
Inclusive Cities, Sustainable Communities
More than half of the world’s population currently lives in cities – by 2030, this number will rise to 60 per cent. To foster inclusive and sustainable cities, Maruxa Cardama, Chair of the 68th UN Civil Society Conference highlights the importance of giving youths a voice and also a role to play. Similarly, Steve Chiu, the Youth Representative of the Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation, highlights youth empowerment as a way of creating inclusive societies. Glocha Youth Representative Ali Mustafa further explores how to give youths opportunities for meaningful engagement in these inclusive and sustainable systems.
Planet or Plastic
Following a field expedition in India, Heather Koldewey, co-lead of the National Geographic Society’s Plastic Work and Sara Hylton, an award-winning photographer from National Geographic explain that people are unable to make the connection between dumping plastic into rivers and the impact on ocean pollution. Heather Koldewey stresses that while people do see plastic as an issue, it has become so ubiquitous that they can’t see any alternatives.
A Conversation with United Nations Deputy Secretary-General
With regard to the Sustainable Development Goals, United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Amina J. Mohammed says that while progress is slow, people are engaged, partnerships are being forged and young people are involved. She reminds us that most countries are committed to tackling global warming and that even where national governments are not, subnational governments and citizens continue to take action. Responding to climate change will be paramount as all the Sustainable Development Goals are intertwined and cannot be achieved individually.
Future of Small Island Developing States
What is the priority for Small Island developing states? According to Courtenay Rattray, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Jamaica to the United Nations, small islands face challenges in all of the Sustainable Development Goals. Low economic growth is leading to youth unemployment as well as brain drain. Congressman Jerry Tardieu adds that in order to create jobs for the youth, small islands need to think outside of the box and create partnerships. Maria-Francesca Spatolisano, Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Coordination and Inter-Agency Affairs, addresses how some of the existing partnerships between these developing states and other countries can help small islands overcome their vulnerabilities.
Investing in family-friendly policies: Why it’s a price we can afford
The chief of Early Childhood Development at UNICEF, Dr. Pia Rebello Britto, discusses the numerous benefits of investing in family-friendly policies and moving from maternal to parental needs. Laura Turquet, Manager of the World’s Women Progress Report from UN Women notes that while families can be a place for girls to strive; it can also be a place of sexism and discrimination. By investing in family-friendly policies, governments have the potential to reduce gender inequalities and drive progress on the SDGs.
Peace and Justice: Launch of SDG 16+ Report
Charles Chauvel from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) reveals that the most important finding from the SDG 16+ Report is that the implementation of SDG 16 can only be achieved through a collective effort with the private and public sector, academia, civil society, and more. Similarly, Ana Carolina, 16×16 Youth Advocate, stresses the importance of putting youths at the centre of discussions on peace to gain a different understanding of the challenges and issues that people may face. The Counsellor of the Permanent Mission of Sierra Leone to the United Nations, Alan George, highlights how justice needs to be modernized to be more engaging and consistent.
Angry Birds for UN Act Now Climate Campaign
Tolu Olubunmi from the UN Department of Global Communications unveils the partnership between the UN ActNow Climate Campaign and the Movie Angry Birds 2. Present on stage, Red the Angry Bird joins forces with one his archenemies, a green pig to stress the importance of collective action and behavioural change in the fight against climate change.
SDG Book Club
Singer, songwriter, and storyteller Ari Afsar engages with young children through a fun and interactive story-telling session. Along with other books handpicked by the SDG Bookclub, ‘Thank You Omu’ gives children a fresh perspective on the Sustainable Development Goals.
Transforming Sustainable Business. How next practices in sustainability can unlock opportunity. Climate change, unfair labor practices, corruption and other sustainability issues have become daily fixtures in newspaper headlines—and are rapidly taking their place alongside financial targets as top CEO priorities. Yet, the more that leaders work toward their early sustainability commitments, the more they discover how much further they need to go to prepare for a future where competitiveness and sustainability are inseparable. As sustainability best practices become more widely adopted, pioneering firms are taking a giant leap. They are pursuing the next practices that will allow them to achieve step changes in their business while helping to deliver a truly sustainable next economy. We believe that those who move first will unlock significant business benefits.
A truly sustainable economy will look different depending on your industry.
In agriculture, it will mean poverty elimination in smallholder farmer communities, increased productivity to keep up with a growing population and environmentally restorative practices.
For automotive companies, it will likely mean full adoption of autonomous vehicles fueled by clean energy, with a sharing model allowing high vehicle utilization.
In finance, the investor community will fully integrate environmental, social and governance (ESG) considerations into its investing approach.
There is no question that sustainability is moving up on the corporate agenda.
When Bain & Company surveyed 297 global companies, 81% said sustainability is more important to their business today than it was five years ago, and 85% believe that it will be even more important in five years. The evidence is everywhere. Sustainability is now incorporated into two-thirds of companies’ core missions. Signatories of the UN’s Principles for Responsible Investment now represent over half of the world’s institutional assets, and major investors like BlackRock are calling for companies to serve a social purpose.
Yet even as awareness grows and industries respond, companies realize that their efforts to date are just a drop in the bucket compared with what is required and the potential value at stake.
Among companies surveyed, 99% believe we need to either maintain a fast pace of progress or increase the pace of progress. These companies recognize that our current trajectory will have immense human and financial costs. Consider that recent reports predict a paltry 5% chance of meeting the Paris Agreement targets for emissions reduction. Or that by 2025, two-thirds of the global population could be living under water-stressed conditions, and that 700 million people may be displaced due to water scarcity by 2030.
Further, the aging workforce combined with the oncoming automation wave will create challenging labor markets and rising income inequality in future decades, according to recent Bain research (see “Labor 2030: The Collision of Demographics, Automation and Inequality“). On the other hand, these daunting forecasts also contain huge opportunities for companies that pursue solutions. For example, the Business & Sustainable Development Commission estimates that meeting the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals could generate $12 trillion in business savings and revenue, and create 380 million jobs, by 2030.
How will businesses respond?
Some companies are less advanced on this journey, still focusing on the basics of their sustainability strategies and the early stages of implementation. Based on our research and work with clients, however, sustainability leaders1—as well as followers looking to leapfrog to the top—will increasingly adopt six “next practices” to turbocharge both sustainability and business success (see Figure 1).
Using “future back” thinking to create transformative ambitions.
Setting targets from a baseline is an important part of making progress, and many companies with unambitious goals could benefit from stretching them. But instead of making incremental improvements, leaders will take a more transformational approach by thinking from the future back.
What do we mean by that?
They will create a vision of what their future will look like in a truly sustainable economy and then craft an objective to fit that vision. In fact, the share of companies that have adopted a truly transformative sustainability aspiration will nearly triple over the next five years, from 9% to 26%, according to our survey (see Figure 2). These companies will follow the lead of trailblazers like Tesla, which envisioned a long-term global need for sustainable vehicles and energy, adopted a mission to “accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy” and built a business model to meet that aspiration. Interface, the world’s largest modular carpet manufacturer, set an ambition in 1994 to turn a petroleum-intensive business into the first environmentally sustainable, and ultimately restorative, company. It has since been exploring radical product innovations and business model changes to help it achieve its “Mission Zero” by 2020.
Making “sustainable” irresistible for customers.
Over the next five years, customer loyalty and revenue generation will replace public reputation and cost savings as the primary drivers for sustainability action among leaders, according to our survey. Today, the most commonly cited barrier to success is low customer willingness to pay for sustainable goods. But forward-thinking companies aren’t deterred by this obstacle. They are expanding their reach beyond a niche group of customers by making sustainability part of a holistic value proposition, using innovation to create attractive product attributes, such as price savings, customer service or performance, that are complemented by sustainability.
Climate-Finance-Related Report. Second TCFD Status Report Shows Steady Increase in TCFD Adoption. Nearly 800 organizations have now expressed support for the TCFD and its recommendations.
The Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) published its 2019 Status Report to the Financial Stability Board (FSB). The TCFD’s second status report provides an overview of disclosure practices aligned with the Task Force’s recommendations between 2016 and 2018.
The report also examines the decision-usefulness of existing climate-related financial disclosures to users of disclosure, and evaluates disclosures of strategy resilience and the challenges faced by preparers using scenario analysis.
At the time of publication, nearly 800 organizations have expressed their support for the TCFD recommendations, a more than 50% increase from the publication of the first status report in September 2018.
An artificial intelligence (AI) review of reports from over 1,100 large companies across multiple sectors in 142 countries found that the average number of recommended disclosures per company has increased by 29% from 2.8 in 2016 to 3.6 in 2018.
At the same time, the percentage of companies that disclosed information aligned with at least one of the Task Force’s recommendations grew from 70% in 2016 to 78% in 2018.
The Task Force also conducted a survey on companies’ efforts to implement the recommendations. Ninety-one percent of the 198 survey respondents that identified as preparers of disclosure have decided to “fully” or “partially” implement the TCFD recommendations, with 67% stating their companies plan to complete implementation within three years.
Seventy-six percent of users stated that they are already using climate-related financial disclosures in their decision making process. The survey received a total of 485 responses.
“We remain encouraged by the continued growth in the number of companies adhering to the guidelines of the TCFD – it means businesses are better informed about the risks they face, and investors are more capable of making sound decisions,” said Michael R. Bloomberg, Chair of the Task Force and Founder of Bloomberg LP and Bloomberg Philanthropies. “However, we’re also clear-eyed about the serious threat that climate change poses. In order to keep people out of harm’s way, and build a more resilient global economy, we need more companies to follow their lead – and soon.”
While the commitment to implementation is encouraging, actual disclosure still faces challenges. Most notably the preparers surveyed find disclosing scenario analysis assumptions difficult and lack standardized metrics and targets.
Respondents that identify as users, on the other hand, ask for more clarity on the financial impact of climate-related issues on companies, which would help to make the disclosures more decision-useful.
Overall, more companies beyond the ones that have traditionally been engaged on climate-related issues need to start their disclosure journey.
“We see extensive and mounting evidence that the physical and transition effects of the climate crisis are real. In order to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement we need to take forceful action – this includes action from corporations and the private sector at large,” commented Mary Schapiro, Special Advisor to the TCFD Chair and Vice Chair for Global Public Policy at Bloomberg LP. “Climate-related disclosures and the TCFD recommendations help companies consider the impact of climate change and associated mitigation efforts on their strategies and operations. A company that communicates its climate resiliency to its investors will have a competitive advantage over those that don’t.”
The list of 785 TCFD supporters includes 374 financial and 297 non-financial companies, with a combined market capitalization of nearly $9.3 trillion. The supporting financial firms are responsible for assets of nearly $118 trillion.
Supporters also include 114 other organizations, such as trade associations, financial and insurance supervisors and regulators, governments and ministries. Supporters are headquartered across 49 countries.
Speaking about the publication of the report, FSB Chair Randal K. Quarles said: “The Task Force continues to provide a forum for market participants to develop and use a valuable private-sector solution to assess climate-related business risks. The increased participation levels confirm the value of these voluntary disclosures, allowing the public, markets, and investors to better monitor risks.”
The Task Force will continue its work on promoting and monitoring adoption of its recommendations with a focus on areas that have proven challenging for implementation. The Task Force will deliver its next status report to the FSB in September 2020.
Companies and others can express their interest in supporting the TCFD recommendations via online form. The full list of current companies and organizations supporting the work of the Task Force is viewable and supportive quotes are viewable here.
Companies considering implementing the TCFD recommendations are encouraged to visit the TCFD Knowledge Hub to access more than 470 relevant resources, including case studies.
About the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures
On December 4, 2015, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) established the industry-led Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) with Michael R. Bloomberg as Chair.
The Task Force currently has three Vice Chairs and 29 members in total. The TCFD was asked to develop voluntary, consistent climate-related financial disclosures for use by companies in providing information to lenders, insurers, investors and other stakeholders, which were published in the TCFD Recommendations Report on June 29, 2017.
SmartEfficiency con Decreto Crescita, Superammortamento, Iperammortamento, Sabatini 2019. Gli imprenditori, dopo aver progettato gli impianti tecnologici per abbattere gli sprechi energetici, oggi avviano i lavori per rendere più competitive le proprie aziende. (altro…)
Giornata Mondiale Oceani. 33mila bottigliette al minuto nel Mediterraneo. Il nuovo report del WWF denuncia inefficienza nella gestione dei rifiuti plastici da parte di tutti i Paesi del Mediterraneo. L’effetto ‘plastica’ si traduce in perdita di miliardi di euro e aumento dell’inquinamente. Nove, incluse le principali mete turistiche, tra le aree più inquinate.
C’è un’incapacità diffusa dei paesi del Mediterraneo di gestire i propri rifiuti di plastica e questo si traduce in livelli record di inquinamento nel Mare Nostrum provocando costi enormi all’economia regionale, dell’ordine di centinaia di milioni di euro ogni anno. Il nuovo report del WWF, lanciato oggi alla vigilia della Giornata Mondiale degli Oceani, esamina i sistemi di gestione della plastica di tutti i Paesi del Mediterraneo e valuta le loro azioni per contrastare questo tipo di inquinamento nel processo di produzione e distribuzione.
Ogni anno 570 mila tonnellate di plastica finiscono nelle acque del Mediterraneo: e come se 33.800 bottigliette di plastica venissero gettate in mare ogni minuto. L’inquinamento da plastica sta continuando a crescere e si prevede che entro il 2050 l’inquinamento nell’area mediterranea quadruplichi. Discariche e inceneritori sono ancora i principali metodi per la gestione dello smaltimento rifiuti in tutta la regione.
Il nuovo report WWF “Fermiamo l’inquinamento da Plastica: come i Paesi del Mediterraneo possono salvare il proprio mare” fa emergere a tutti i livelli i principali fallimenti e le responsabilità dei produttori, delle autorità pubbliche e dei consumatori, tali da rendere il sistema di gestione della plastica altamente inefficiente, costoso e inquinante.
Nel report il WWF definisce un piano di azioni politiche e iniziative che l’area mediterranea e i singoli Paesi devono sviluppare per raggiungere un’economia sostenibile e circolare che riduca a zero la produzione di rifiuti dal sistema di gestione della plastica.
ITALIA TRA DUE FUOCHI
Il nostro Paese da un lato subisce gli impatti pesanti dovuti all’inquinamento da plastica avendo la maggiore estensione costiera nel Mediterraneo, dall’altro contribuisce all’inquinamento essendo il maggiore produttore di manufatti di plastica della regione e il secondo più grande produttore di rifiuti plastici. I numeri del report WWF parlano chiaro: il nostro Paese ogni anno riversa in natura 0,5 milioni di tonnellate di rifiuti plastici e produce 4 milioni di tonnellate di rifiuti, di cui l’80% proviene dall’industria degli imballaggi. Il turismo allo stesso modo è parte del problema e ne è ‘parte lesa’: il flusso turistico incrementa del 30% la produzione di rifiuti plastici nei mesi estivi ma spiagge e mare sporco allontanano i turisti. L’effetto negativo della plastica in natura colpisce tutta la Blue Economy: quella italiana è la terza più grande d’Europa ma l’inquinamento, secondo il report WWF, le fa perdere circa 67 milioni di euro l’anno. I settori più colpiti sono proprio il turismo (30,3 milioni di euro) ma anche la pesca (8,7 milioni di euro), il commercio marittimo (28,4 milioni di euro) e bonifiche e pulizia (16,6 milioni di euro).
La presidente del WWF Italia Donatella Bianchi ha dichiarato: “Il meccanismo di gestione della plastica è decisamente guasto: i paesi del Mediterraneo ancora non riescono a raccogliere tutti i propri rifiuti e sono lontani dal trattarli con una modalità efficiente di economia circolare. Il cortocircuito sta nel fatto che mentre il costo della plastica è estremamente basso mentre quello di gestione dei rifiuti e dell’inquinamento ricade quasi totalmente sulla collettività e sulla natura. Dall’altro lato, perché facciano passi in avanti, il sistema di riciclo dei rifiuti plastici è ancora troppo costoso. Tutti i Paesi dovrebbero rivedere la catena del ciclo di vita della plastica, ridurre drasticamente la produzione e il consumo di plastica e investire seriamente in sistemi innovativi di riciclo e riutilizzo, in cui la plastica non venga sprecata. L’unica rotta possibile per contrastare con efficacia l’inquinamento da plastica dal Mediterraneo è questa”.
Le attività che si svolgono lungo le coste sono responsabili della metà della plastica riversata in mare. Ogni giorno, su ogni chilometro di costa si accumulano in media oltre 5 kg di plastica che è dispersa nel mare. La costa della Cilicia, in Turchia, è la più inquinata del Mediterraneo, ma anche altre comunità costiere sono particolarmente colpite e in molti casi si tratta delle principali mete turistiche come Barcellona, Tel-Aviv, Valencia, la spiaggia di Marsiglia e Venezia e le coste prossime al Delta del Po.
In Italia i rifiuti plastici marini impattano su turismo, pesca e tutti i settori marittimi, con un danno complessivo che si aggira attorno ai 641 milioni di euro ogni anno in tutto il bacino mediterraneo.
“Alcune iniziative e alcune politiche ambiziose sono state intraprese dai diversi Paesi: queste dovrebbero essere condivise e sviluppate per diventare davvero efficaci. I Paesi del Mar Mediterraneo, le aziende e i cittadini dovrebbero assumersi ciascuno le proprie responsabilità e insieme contribuire ad un sistema di gestione circolare della plastica senza piu’ scarti e rifiuti”, conclude Giuseppe di Carlo, Direttore della Mediterranean Marine Initiative del WWF.
Per sensibilizzare e mobilitare i cittadini locali e i turisti contro l’inquinamento da plastica il WWF ha fatto salpare la sua vela Blue Panda: da luglio a novembre la barca ambasciatrice per il mediterraneo toccherà le coste di Francia, Italia, Turchia, Tunisia e Marocco. A luglio sarà protagonista di una settimana di eventi lungo le coste dell’Argentario.
Il WWF ha anche lanciato un appello a tutti i governi del Mediterraneo e dell’UE, in quanto membri della Convenzione di Barcellona, ad assumere un impegno vincolante congiunto e un’azione nazionale per salvare il Mar Mediterraneo dall’inquinamento da plastica. Il prossimo incontro si terrà a Napoli nel mese di dicembre 2019.
8 GIUGNO GIORNATA MONDIALE OCEANI GLI APPUNTAMENTI IN ITALIA.
La Campagna GenerAzioneMare del WWF prosegue con le attività di volontariato previste nel Tour spiagge #plasticfree, celebrando così gli Oceani con eventi di pulizia dalla plastica: (7 giugno) in Emilia la spiaggia di punta di Marina Terme di Ravenna mentre 8 giugno in Molise, a Montenero di Bisaccia e della Sicilia, alla Foce del Fiumefreddo.
Altri appuntamenti sono previsti anche il 15, 16 e 17 giugno con operazioni di pulizia anche dei fondali grazie a WWF SUB.
PLASTICA, UN SISTEMA GUASTO
– Le imprese del Mediterraneo mettono sul mercato 38 milioni di tonnellate di manufatti in plastica ogni anno, ma non coprono i costi di gestione dei rifiuti eccessivi che contribuiscono a generare. Inoltre, dato il basso costo della plastica vergine, le aziende non stanno investendo nella progettazione di nuovi prodotti che riutilizzino, riducano e sostituiscano la plastica.
– I cittadini e i turisti, la maggior parte provenienti da Francia, Italia e Turchia, producono oltre 24 milioni di tonnellate di rifiuti di plastica ogni anno. In molti comuni costieri il turismo estivo incrementa del 30% la produzione di rifiuti plastici. Oltre la metà dei prodotti in plastica finisce nella spazzatura in meno di un anno dalla sua produzione. Inoltre, molto spesso cittadini e turisti non suddividono i rifiuti in modo corretto, danneggiando così il sistema di riciclaggio.
– I governi e i comuni locali gestiscono in maniera scorretta un allarmante 28% dei propri rifiuti. i rifiuti che sfuggono alla raccolta finiscono in discariche abusive o disperso in natura, con l’alta probabilità di riversarsi poi nei fiumi o nei mari. Ogni anno sono circa 2,9 i milioni di tonnellate di rifiuti che vengono gettati in discariche abusive o dispersi, specialmente in Egitto e Turchia. Analogamente, 170 discariche del Marocco, identificate come da chiudere, operano ancora.
– Discariche e inceneritori sono ancora i principali metodi di gestione dei rifiuti in tutta la regione. Molti paesi, incluse Grecia e Croazia, devono ancora implementare un sistema di tasse per disincentivare il conferimento in discarica dei rifiuti.
– A peggiorare le cose, molti dei paesi che hanno ancora problemi con la gestione dei loro rifiuti importano anche grandi quantità di rifiuti da altri paesi. Questo significa che la plastica, raccolta ed esportata, per essere riciclata da queste nazioni finisce poi nelle discariche, negli inceneritori o nelle discariche a cielo aperto. Dopo il 2018, quando la Cina ha ridotto l’importo dei rifiuti di plastica, la Turchia è diventata una dei 10 paesi principali per importazione di rifiuti, la maggior parte provenienti da UK, Belgio e Germania.
– I costi operativi per il riciclaggio rischiano di restare proibitivi a causa dei costi di raccolta e di separazione dei rifiuti, delle costose tecnologie, e della limitata fornitura di plastica riciclabile. Pochi paesi nella regione hanno raggiunto tassi significativi di raccolta differenziata per la plastica, che garantirebbero uno stabile approvvigionamento per il riciclaggio. L’Italia è uno dei pochi paesi che ha implementato la catena di raccolta differenziata di plastica, raccogliendo il 38% dei suoi rifiuti di plastica. In Grecia, Turchia e Tunisia si stima che il 50% dei rifiuti raccolti per il riciclaggio è contaminato e non riciclabile e dunque non recuperabile. I paesi meridionali riciclano meno del 10% dei loro rifiuti.
Sulla base delle ricerche, il WWF incoraggia i governi del Mediterraneo a stringere un Accordo Globale per eliminare la plastica in natura entro il 2030 e supportarsi l’un l’altro per raggiungere gli obiettivi. Le autorità pubbliche, le imprese e i cittadini devono unire le forze per costruire un sistema efficace di gestione della plastica. Firma qui la petizione per l’accordo globale sulla plastica
Elementi chiave del rapporto
– I 22 paesi e territori che compongono la regione mediterranea producono il 10% di tutti i beni di plastica, rendendolo il quarto produttore di plastica al mondo. La produzione di plastica in tutti i paesi del Mediterraneo provoca anche l’emissione di a 194 milioni di tonnellate di anidride carbonica ogni anno, simile a sei volte le emissioni annuali di CO2 di Londra.
– Solo il 72 % dei rifiuti di plastica viene gestito attraverso un trattamento controllato dei rifiuti, con alcuni paesi che si comportano meglio di altri.
– Tre paesi mediterranei, i due terzi della plastica immessa in natura provengono da: Egitto, Turchia e Italia.
– Le attività costiere contribuiscono alla metà della plastica che entra nel Mar Mediterraneo e il 30% arriva dalla terra attraverso i fiumi. L’80 % dell’inquinamento marino plastico nel Mediterraneo ritorna a terra entro un decennio, inquinando le spiagge e le coste. L’Italia e la Turchia accumulano il maggior numero di detriti di plastica delle coste ogni anno
– Il turismo perde fino a 268 milioni di euro all’anno per l’inquinamento plastico
– La raccolta dei rifiuti rimane un problema in diversi paesi del Mediterraneo, lasciando ogni anno 3,6 milioni di tonnellate di rifiuti di plastica non raccolti.
– 6,6 milioni di tonnellate di rifiuti di plastica sono mal gestiti ogni anno. Quasi la metà di questo è rappresentato dall’Egitto, seguito da Turchia, Italia, Algeria e Marocco.
– le discariche a cielo aperto e i siti di smaltimento dei rifiuti illegali persistono, in particolare in Nord Africa.
– Il conferimento in discarica rimane il metodo più usato per lo smaltimento dei rifiuti nella maggior parte dei paesi e non tutte le discariche soddisfano gli standard sanitari richiesti.
– I paesi del Mediterraneo hanno riciclato 3,9 milioni di tonnellate di rifiuti nel 2016, ma i tassi di riciclo variano in tutta la regione. Inoltre, a causa dei materiali di bassa qualità, in media il 40% della plastica raccolta viene perso durante il processo. (il rapporto non tiene conto di questa perdita).
– Dal 2018, la Turchia è diventata uno dei primi dieci importatori di rifiuti a livello globale, provenienti principalmente da Regno Unito, Belgio e Germania.
In Europa, i costi operativi per il riciclo della plastica sono di circa € 924 per tonnellata, mentre il prezzo medio di vendita del materiale plastico secondario è di 540 euro per tonnellata.
Pertanto, il riciclo rimane ampiamente non redditizio.
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2019 New Energy Pioneers at BNEF Summit in New York City. Ten innovative companies that are revolutionizing the energy, transport, and industrial sectors have been named as the 2019 New Energy Pioneers by BloombergNEF (BNEF). The winners are pursuing new opportunities in areas as diverse as EV charging, industrial digitalization, and innovative manufacturing processes. The 2019 New Energy Pioneers have been unveiled today at the BNEF Summit in New York.
BNEF’s New Energy Pioneers recognize ground-breaking companies that are fueling the transition to a lower carbon economy and highlighting new ideas for business models, technologies, market structures and commercial opportunities.
An independent panel of industry experts, assisted by BNEF’s analysts and technology specialists, selected the ten winners from more than 185 applicants from 35 countries around the world. Each candidate was assessed against three criteria: the potential to scale the opportunity and have global impact; the level of innovation of the technology or business model and the novelty it brings to the market; and momentum by showcasing substantive progress in the form of strong commercial partnerships, the distribution channels in place and sales growth.
The 2019 New Energy Pioneers are:
– CarbonCure (Canada) provides a method of utilizing captured CO2 in concrete manufacturing to both improve its structural properties and reduce its environmental impact.
– Desktop Metal (U.S.) manufactures one of the fastest 3D printing systems on the market for the mass production of high-resolution metal parts.
– Metron (France) provides an AI-driven IIoT (industrial internet of things) platform that optimizes energy usage for industrial facilities.
– Navya (France) is the leading developer of low-speed autonomous shuttles.
– Nozomi Networks (U.S.) offers cybersecurity for industrial control systems using machine-learning techniques to detect anomalies.
– Sunfolding (U.S.) has invented new motor-free solar trackers resulting in faster installation of solar panels at lower costs.
– Ubitricity (Germany/U.K.) has developed a unique smart electricity cable for EV charging which leads to a much smaller and more affordable charging spot.
– Uptake (U.S.) has developed an AI platform to predict and prevent the breakdown of industrial and energy assets to increase productivity, reliability, efficiency and safety.
– Zero Mass Water (U.S.) sells a HydropanelTM which uses sunlight to generate water out of thin air.
– Zunum Aero (U.S.) is an aerospace company which develops hybrid and fully electric airplanes aimed at short and medium haul flights.
Michael Wilshire, selection committee chair and head of strategy at BloombergNEF, said: “This year we received a record number of high quality candidates for the New Energy Pioneers program, from across the world. We continue to see strong innovation in the use of digital technologies such as AI, IoT and cybersecurity that will make our electricity system and industrial processes more efficient, flexible, clean and secure.
“Three of this year’s winners focus on electrifying transport – with novel forms of charging infrastructure for cars, autonomous shuttles for local transport and electrified planes for short to medium haul routes. Others are finding new ways to produce materials more sustainably and efficiently, ranging from concrete, to water to metal components. And we continue to see innovation to drive down the costs of solar power still further, underpinning continued rapid growth of that sector.
“We are heartened by the initiative, creativity and determination of these Pioneers and by the impact they can have on industries and society. We are, as always, very grateful to our external judges on the selection committee who had the challenge of choosing ten winners from a strong pool of entrants.”
Quotes from New Energy Pioneers:
“CarbonCure is leading a global movement to reduce the carbon footprint of the built environment, using recycled CO2 to improve the manufacturing process of the world’s most abundant man-made material: concrete.” – Rob Niven, CEO, CarbonCure
“Desktop Metal is accelerating the transformation of manufacturing with end-to-end metal 3D printing solutions. Founded in 2015 by leaders in advanced manufacturing, metallurgy, and robotics, the company is addressing the unmet challenges of speed, cost, and quality to make metal 3D printing an essential tool for engineers and manufacturers around the world.” – Jonah Myerberg, CTO, Desktop Metal
“Most manufacturing companies lack a dedicated team that would constantly analyze the flow of energy in their facilities and produce actionable insights to tackle the ever-increasing energy burden. This is where our expertise lies – in the constant improvement of the energy usage in industries.” – Vincent Sciandra, CEO, Metron
“NAVYA, a pioneer and specialist in the autonomous vehicle market, assists cities and private sites around the world by offering leading-edge, zero emissions, all electric first and last mile transportation solutions that aim to return fluidity to congested urban centers. NAVYA has a strong global presence and is actively expanding its footprint in North America with a manufacturing plant in Metro Detroit building its AUTONOM Shuttle, a fully autonomous, electric vehicle.” – Jérôme Rigaud, COO, NAVYA Group
“Nozomi Networks is the leader of industrial cyber security. We deliver proven solution for real-time visibility to manage cyber risk and improve resilience for industrial operations. With one solution, customers gain advanced cyber security, improved operational reliability and easy IT/OT integration.” – Edgard Capdevielle, CEO, Nozomi Networks
“Sunfolding is honored to be named as one of the New Energy Pioneers. Our robust tracker technology unlocks value at every stage of a PV power plant’s lifecycle and can successfully scale with solar’s massive global growth. Being selected by the BNEF experts and the selection committee affirms our teams’ efforts at priming our innovative technology for maximum impact.” – Jurgen Krehnke, CEO, Sunfolding
“Millions of city dwellers have to park their cars on the road every night, especially in larger cities. But today there is no charging infrastructure. We are now bringing charging stations right outside people’s front door – into the lamp post. The enabling ubitricity technology is already in use in Berlin and London and will be piloted in NYC starting in summer 2019. Subject to the respective regulatory framework, drivers are even able to freely choose their mobile electricity supplier for their car, facilitating state-of-the-art consumer choice and convenience to the electric mobility market. This way EVs can be integrated into the energy market more flexibly while service innovation is driven by consumer choice. Just as smart phones are bundled with digital services today EVs will be bundled with electricity services in future. The energy data required can be generated by the EV’s electronics serving as mobile smart meter.” – Knut Hechtfischer, Co-founder, Ubitricity
“We put powerful artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies into the hands of front-line workers and industrial companies that aren’t AI experts. Our technology is field-ready, designed for the real-world and delivers outcomes where precision matters. Our investment in building a foundation of data integrity enables us to empower industrial operators to more effectively harness insights providing immediate value to data-rich, yet insight-poor industries.” – Brad Keywell, CEO, Uptake
Zero Mass Water
“We founded Zero Mass Water in 2014 to change the human relationship to water and eliminate water stress. Today we see our vision come to life as our technology, SOURCE Hydropanels, quite literally perfects drinking water for schools, homes, hospitals, and communities all over the world.” – Cody Friesen, CEO, Zero Mass Water
“We’re honored to be recognized as a New Energy Pioneer. We have a rare, world-changing opportunity to bring to life a new era for regional travel that combines community connectivity and quiet, green flight. With our aircraft in the air, people can expect door-to-door times two to four times faster than they are today, while carriers will see operating costs and emissions slashed by up to 80%. We are well on our way to bringing aviation emissions on short-haul flights to zero by 2040.” – Ashish Kumar, CEO, Zunum Aero
The New Energy Pioneers program partner is Cycle Capital Management.
New Energy Pioneers program
BNEF Summit in New York
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